Remote by any definition, Adak is the southernmost community in Alaska, 1,200 miles southwest of Anchorage. This was particularly true for the fighters, which were now within easy striking range of enemy targets. It would be a month before the Japanese could send out a reconnaissance aircraft from Kiska to fly over Adak. American missions over Adak June 28-December 3, 1942 Adak Island, Lupines at Finger Bay Creek. The southern portion of Adak Island, as well as most of the other islands in the Aleutian Island chain, is part of … (It’s actually the westernmost town in the United States.) It is the westernmost municipality in the United States and the southernmost city in Alaska. In addition to the P-40s, several P-38 Lightnings were moved up to the new airfield. After World War II, Adak became a strategically important Cold War base housing over 6,000 people. On May 11th, 1943, American soldiers landed on Attu Island and successfully defeated the Japanese Army garrison. Adak used to house the Adak Army Base and Adak Naval Operating Base from 1942 to 1997. Adak (/ ˈ eɪ d æ k /, Aleut: Adaax), formerly Adak Station, is a city located on Adak Island, in the Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, United States.At the 2010 census the population was 326, up from 316 in 2000. Situated in the western Aleutians, Adak Island is currently the western-most location in Alaska readily accessible to birders. The U.S. established a military base on Adak in 1942 in response to the Japanese invasion of Attu and Kiska. Construction and operations began in September 1942. At the height of the War more than 100,000 American and Canadian soldiers were stationed in Alaska. This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/. The lowering of the flag for the last time ended an era that began of 31 August 1942, when U.S. forces landed on the Aleutian Island and established an advance base there for operations against the Japanese on Kiska and Attu Islands. The race for bases between Kiska Island, 650 miles west, where the Japanese were entrenched in force, and Umnak Island was on. Adak Army Base and Adak Naval Operating Base were the westernmost bases in the nation for a short while. The American reaction was to construct a new military base on Adak island – a Naval and air facility that could take full control of all the Aleutian Islands and oust the invaders. [2], On 1 December 1962 the Sound Surveillance System (SOSUS) shore terminal was commissioned. By 10 September enough construction had been completed that a 73d Bomb Squadron B-18 Bolo successfully landed on the runway. or Best Offer. U.S. National Register of Historic Places, Commander, Submarine Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet, List of National Historic Landmarks in Alaska, National Register of Historic Places listings in Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Adak Army Base and Adak Naval Operating Base. The array at Adak twice caused significant awareness SOSUS could. The runway remained open to transient aircraft, but on 30 June 1950 the base was officially closed by the Air Force. World War II had a major impact on Alaska. Despite the first loss of U.S. soil to a foreign enemy since the War of 1812, the campaign was not considered a priority by the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Adak was a staging point for the American military’s Aleutian campaign. Its excellent harbor provided shelter for the assembly of a large task force for the assault on Kiska. Located in the middle of the Aleutian Islands more than 1,000 miles from Anchorage, Adak is the westernmost inhabited island in the United States. [14] Acoustic data from the Adak array was routed to the Naval Facility Whidbey Island and the Adak facility was decommissioned 30 September 1992 after thirty years of surveillance.[9][10]. With the movement of combat operations to Adak, Fort Glenn and also Fort Randall AAF at Cold Bay became support and staging airfields supporting the front line. Superfund Site: In 1994, the Adak base was placed on the National Priorities (Superfund) List. Even while aircraft were landing, construction continued at a rapid pace to cover the PSP with several layers of asphalt and construct additional station facilities.[3]. The military mission at Adak ended on March 31, 1997. Housekeeping by the 5020th ABS took place and remaining personnel coordinated the transfer of the facility to the Navy. 1920–1983, Pictorial Histories Publishing Company. Other than the B-24 operations against Japan, the remainder of Eleventh Air Force personnel simply counted the days until their reassignment elsewhere.[3]. "Adak Army Base and Adak Naval Operating Base", "Integrated Undersea Surveillance System (IUSS) History 1950 - 2010", "Naval Facility Adak December 1962 - September 1992", "Acoustic Detections of the Loss of the GOLF II Class Soviet SSB K-129", "Why Those Concerned in Russia Still Believe the USS SWORDFISH Collided With and Sank the K-129", https://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1970a_ak-01.pdf, https://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1980a_akABCD-01.pdf, https://www.census.gov/prod/cen2000/phc-1-3.pdf, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Naval_Air_Facility_Adak&oldid=990813902, Airports in the Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, Buildings and structures in Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, World War II on the National Register of Historic Places in Alaska, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Air Force Historical Research Agency, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 17:21. Narrative History of NAVCOMMSTA Adak 1942-1959 (from "200 Years Adak AK 1976") In 1942, the U.S. Navy established a Naval Operating Base on the island of Adak, .At the same time, communication facilities were set up as an integral part of this base. The video explores areas on the former Naval Air Facility Adak Island, Alaska. [9][10], Of some note was the detection of highly classified U.S. submarine operations off the Soviet submarine base at Petropavlovsk despite a belief among some submariners the system could not pick up U.S. submarines. Now, the base and housing facilities are largely abandoned. Russian explorers in the 18th century also visited the island but made no permanent settlements. A … The Navy and Marine Corps do not have any bases here. Its remote locality proved to be ideal for the United States military during both World War II and the Cold War, causing the area to grow rapidly in a very short amount of time. Channel 2's Nikki Carvajal and photojournalist Albert Lutan traveled to Adak, a remote island on the Aleutian chain, to see what's left of a once heavily populated navy base. After the fighters, the heavy bombers attacked, also at low level, dropping 1,000 bombs on the harbor installations. The battle, which lasted for more than two weeks, ended when most of the Japanese defenders were killed in brutal hand-to-hand combat after a final banzai charge broke through American lines. In March 1943, a cruiser and destroyer force, assigned to eliminate the Japanese supply convoy, met the Japanese fleet in the naval Battle of the Komandorski Islands. [3], On 10 September 1943, Funeral Services for Col Everett S. Davis, former Chief of Staff, Eleventh Air Force, were held on Fort Richardson and he was buried in the Fort Richardson Cemetery. Adak (/ ˈ eɪ d æ k /, Aleut: Adaax), formerly Adak Station, is a city located on Adak Island, in the Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, United States.At the 2010 census the population was 326, up from 316 in 2000. On 31 March 1997, the Navy closed Adak Naval Air Facility. Navy use of approximately 77,000 acres on the northern half of the island was authorized by a public land withdrawal in 1959. The troops there were guarding Alaska against incursions by the Japanese military, which had invaded the Aleutian Islands and gained control over two other islands in the Chain, Kiska and Attu, and attacked Dutch Harbor. The southern half of Adak Island is also a federal wilderness area. Adak Region School District served dependents living on the base. Your photos are marvelous. Located in the middle of the Aleutian Islands more than 1,000 miles from Anchorage, Adak is the westernmost inhabited island in the United States. All of Adak Island is part of the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge. Photos from our trip to Adak, Alaska in January, 2012. Instead of coming in at high altitudes, the attack was a low-level sweep over the water that caught the Japanese defenses off-guard. While investments in military infrastructure, personnel and equipment have caused major growth to Alaska's economy, what happens when bases become obsolete? Nov 4, 2020 - Explore Mary Francis's board "Adak Alaska" on Pinterest. They also ordered the reduction of the number of combat forces under Eleventh Air Force. Adak Island is way out there, so far at the end of the Aleutian archipelago in the Bering Sea that it shares a time zone with Hawaii instead of its own state. Fort Wainwright, Elmendorf AFB, and Fort Richardson are the largest bases in Alaska, each averaging about 6,000 military personnel. It is one of eight National Historic Landmarks in Alaska that was designated to commemorate the World War II in Alaska. Additional gravel and then a sand runway was laid down. Assignments to the Aleutians, however, were looked on with dread. A … Japanese operations from Kiska consisted of a few reconnaissance missions over Adak or a nuisance bombing mission where an aircraft would drop one or two bombs without causing any significant damage. Had a northern invasion of Japan's Home Islands occurred, as was once proposed, Adak's Reserve Depot would have provided the essential materiel for such an undertaking. The first was the "downtown" area, where the NAF was located. And its rugged tundra-covered terrain and fierce weather provided ideal conditions for training the Allied invasion force in amphibious warfare in the Aleutians. The Native regional Aleut Corporation owns much of the land on Adak Island and is promoting a military return to the Aleutian Islands, Alaska Public Media reported Thursday. The former Adak Naval Air Facility occupies approximately 76,800 acres on Adak Island and is part of the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge. Adak’s air base was a key player in the campaign that occurred in the island chain. See more ideas about alaska, aleutian islands, moving to alaska. (It’s actually the westernmost town in the United States.) were stationed on the island. Join me as I explore the creepy homes and abandoned neighborhoods of Adak Island. The southern portion of Adak Island, as well as most of the other islands in the Aleutian Island chain, is part of … By 1994, all military dependents had transferred from Adak. Adak is an island, the largest town on the island goes by the same name though it was formerly Adak Station, and is the southernmost city in Alaska. Allegany Ballistics Laboratory (USNAVY) Mineral County WV. The P-40s then strafed the harbor, attacking the Nakajima A6M2-N "Rufe" float plane fighter/bombers. 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