However, his religious views went through a process of slow evolution. Your One-Stop Solution for All round UPSC Civil Service Exam Preparations. He gave religious freedom to all communities and refused to discriminate between the subjects on the basis of religion. Akbar’s attitude towards his Hindu subjects was guided by the policy of Sulhi-kul.2. The crux of Akbar's religious beliefs was his faith in monotheism or Tauhid-i-Ilahi. So, the religious policies of both Akbar and Aurangzeb are the most differing, according to the stances taken by them. Administrative Units. Soon after his accession to the throne he came to the conclusion that the friendship of the Rajputs, a brave and fearless community, would be very valuable and that it would be disastrous to follow a policy … He truly felt that since very religion pointed towards God there is no point why the people belonging to different religions should not live peacefully. Save. He followed the policy of “Sulh-i-Kuls” or peace with all. He did not practice principles of Islam strictly. Religious Policy At the beginning of his reign, Aurangzeb prohibited the kalma being inscribed on coins, as it trampled underfoot or be defiled while passing from one hand to another. Pilgrimage tax was abolished in 1563. Religious Policy. Akbar Religious Policy Religious Freedom to all Communities. He had equal regard for all religious system and he believed in the essential unity of all religions. rishi upsc — September 5, 2020 add comment. These points might come quite handy for Prelims and Mains. The Ibādat Khāna (House of Worship) was a meeting house built in 1575 CE by the Mughal Emperor Akbar (r. 1556–1605) at Fatehpur Sikri to gather spiritual leaders of different religious grounds so as to conduct a discussion on the teachings of the respective religious leaders.. The ideas of Akbar’s early religious doctrine were influenced by his teacher Abdul Latif and Sufi ideology. He had faith in God and observed principles of Islam in a normal way. These discussions took place in ibadat Khana . He believed in the unity of God. Like many of the sufis, Akbar believed that communion with God… UPSC CSE. The akbar adopted the policy of peace in place of Islamic doctrine. The Deccan policy of the Mughals started from the reign of Akbar. Medieval History. The religious policy of Akbar was very liberal. Akbar accepted all his subject equal regardless He was the third and one of the greatest rulers of the Mughal Dynasty in India. His religious policy did not discriminate other religions and focused on the ideas of peace, unity and tolerance. Akbar promoted tolerance of other faiths and even encouraged debate on philosophical and religious issues. The religious policy of Akbar is known as 'Din-e-ilahi', which literally means the integrity of all the religions. Bairam Khan is responsible for molding his conduct and shaping his early policy. Akbar hardly brought any changes in the organization of local government. Emperor Akbar (1556–1605) During Humayun’s wanderings in the Rajputana desert, his wife gave birth to a son, Jalaluddin, known as Akbar, in 1542. The patronage to the Dargah at Ajmer became an important aspect of Akbar’s religious policy. In this course we would analyse the different policies of Akbar. Saint Nimbarka was a contemporary of Akbar. His attempt to set himself up as a jagat guru, the spiritual leader of the people, was a political mistake.In a nutshell, Akbar’s policy of Sulh-i Kull completely collapsed which affected the very fabric of the Mughal society. When Akbar was at Fatehpur Sikri during the 1570s he started discussions on religion with the ulama,Brahmanas and jesuit priests . Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. This Course is beneficial for UPSC CSE aspirants. The main reference material for this post is NCERT History text for Class 7 (Our past -1). He came in contact with people of all faiths which liberalised his views. His father was a Central Asian Sunni given to belief in super­stitious mysticism. The basic purpose of Akbar’s religious policy was universal tolerance. Aurangzeb banned the festival of Nauroz , as it was considered as Zoroastrian practice favored by the Safavid rulers of Iran. He was the eldest son of Umar Sheikh Mirza, a direct descendant of Turk-Mongol conqueror Timur, also known as Tamurlane. Related posts: Get complete information on the Religious Policy of the Mughals Useful […] This may have had political motivations as Akbar needed a Mughal base in Rajasthan. Mughal Administration (in Hindi) 10m 07s. Aurangazeb, as governor of Deccan, followed a belligerent Deccan policy. Evaluate the Religious Policy of Akbar Evaluate the Religious Policy of Akbar The religious policy of Akbar the Great was the most liberal exponent of the policy of toleration among all Muslim ruler in India. Akbar (1556-1605): Abu'l-Fath Jalal ud-din Muhammad Akbar, popularly known as Akbar I. later as Akbar the Great was was Mughal Emperor from 1556 until his death. At the beginning of his reign, Aurangzeb prohibited the kalma being inscribed on coins, as it trampled underfoot or be defiled while passing from one hand to another. As an enlightened ruler, Akbar based his rule on a firm foundation. Civil Services (Prelims) Examination Special Quick Revision Notes Mughal Empire - III (Administration under Akbar) : Indian History 1. Can you explain this answer? Religious Policy of Akbar. Expectations of orthodox circles: At the outset of Jahangir's reign, there was an expectation in orthodox circles that… Hindi (Hindi) Akbar Policies : UPSC CSE. Akbar: Evolution of religious and social outlook, theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy: Part II (3) The Third Phase (1581-1605): Akbar's own religious ideas and beliefs crystallized slowly during the last phase. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? Abu Fazl links Din-i ilahi with the concept of Akbar being a spiritual guide of the people. ADVERTISEMENTS: Akbar was a Muslim, and like a true Muslim he had respect for all religious faiths. Th Religious Policy of Akbar was liberal. Ajmer became the seat for the Mughal governor in Rajasthan. Login. This weakened the power of the Rajputs to offer him resistance. The proceedings at Ibadat Khana were initially confined to Muslims only.3. Analyzing IAS exam pattern, it is evident that candidates should have clear understanding concepts and this is possible through daily IAS preparation.To assist you Himalai IAS coaching is come up with UPSC subject wise most … Akbar, in full Abū al-Fatḥ Jalāl al-Dīn Muḥammad Akbar, (born October 15?, 1542, Umarkot [now in Sindh province, Pakistan]—died c. October 25, 1605, Agra, India), the greatest of the Mughal emperors of India.He reigned from 1556 to 1605 and extended Mughal power over most of the Indian subcontinent. Question The non-Muslim who were the bulk of … In this article on Medieval India, we cover the Mughal Dynasty. Akbar was crowned at the age of fourteen. Akbar’s Rajput Policy – 1 Akbar was a great statesman. Akbar’s most notable tutor, Abdul Latif, taught him the principle of universal peace which […] He was not a religious man. 1B, Second Floor,Pusa Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi - 110005 (Beside Karol Bagh Metro Station Gate No. ... Akbar's Religious Policy (in Hindi) 9m 09s. (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2. Akbar was born and brought up in comparatively liberal surrounding. Akbar‟s religious policy basically based on the doctrine of Sulh-i Kul which means universal peace as well as tolerance for every individual. The Mughal Empire (Notes+MCQ) Babur (1483-1530 A.D., ruled 1526-1530 A.D.) Zahir-ud-din Babur was the founder of the Mughal Empire. It was also known as the principle of peace with all, ie peaceful behavior with all. Dec 09,2020 - Akbars religious Policy was characterised by a)Tolerance towards all religions b)Not indifference to religions c)An illiberal attitude to other communities d)Beliefs in secularismCorrect answer is option 'D'. The core of Akbar’s religious beliefs was his faith in Din-i Ilahi, based largely on the philosophies of Ibn-i Arabi. Only the main points from the chapters are compiled below. A team of Dedicated Mentors are at work to help you through Revision, Current Affairs, Test Series, Standard Notes to ace Your Dream to became an IAS ! History. This led to the creation of the Ibādat Khāna ("House of Worship") at Fatehpur Sikri in 1575, which invited theologians, poets, scholars, and philosophers from all religious denominations, including Christians, Hindus, Jains, and Zoroastrians. Religious policy of Akbar the Great was based on a Sufi doctrine known as Sulh-i-Kul (meaning of Sulh-i-Kul is Peace with All), a policy of universal brotherhood and non-discrimination. Akbar succeeded his father, Humayun, under a regent, Bairam Khan, who helped the young emperor expand and consolidate Mughal domains in India. Akbar captured strong forts of the Rajputs like the forts of Chittor, Ranthambhor, and Kalinjar. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. In 1564, Jizya tax was abolished by Akbar. In 1562, he banned forcible conversions. Pawan Jha. UPSC NCRET HISTORY NOTES: TOPIC WISE SOLVED MCQ’s UPSC HISTORY MEDIEVAL INDIA: India Under Akbar (Mughal Empire) Notes 2. There was no Mughal land revenue system before Akbar. In his childhood he came in contact with Sufism and from 1562, for eighteen long years, he made annual pilgrimage to the shrine of Shaikh Muinuddin Chisti at Ajmer. Akbar thus tried to befriend the Rajputs but at the same time desired to bring them under his suzerainty. Complete Preparation Guide for UPSC Civil Service Exam. Free courses. Religious policy of Jahangir has been placed between his father, Akbar and his son, Shah Jahan. The Jizyah was re-imposed in1575. The final phase (1581-1605) of Akbar’s religious beliefs and state is defined by the crystallization of Akbar’s ideological beliefs. India’s Best Online Website for IAS Exam Preparation. Answer: d. Also Read : What to Study for IAS UPSC? But Aurangzeb was sectarian in his views and often carried them to excesses. Saint Kabir was greatly influenced by Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi. | EduRev UPSC Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 103 UPSC Students. Choose Goal. His father Humayun and grandfather Babur did not introduce any changes because they were the first conquerors of the. Dec 10,2020 - With reference to the religious policy of Akbar, consider the following statements:1. Akbar had been brought up in an atmosphere surcharged with conflicting religious influences. The Jats and Satnamis and also the Sikhs revolted against him due to his harsh religious policy. The liberal religious policy of Akbar also directed him to be friendly with them. Bairam Khan, who subsequently became Akbar’s guardian and protector, was a Shia Muslim. Aurangzeb banned the festival of Nauroz, as it was considered as Zoroastrian practice favored by the Safavid rulers of Iran. 8) From his childhood Akbar had come in… Read more Religious policies of Jahangir The liberal character of the state instituted by Akbar was maintained during the first half of the 17th century, though with a few lapses under Jahangir, and with some modifications by Shah Jahan. Descendant of Turk-Mongol conqueror Timur, also known as 'Din-e-ilahi ', which literally means the of. Exam Preparations Our past -1 ) Rajputs but at the same time desired to bring them under his suzerainty peaceful. His father Humayun and grandfather Babur did not discriminate other religions and focused on doctrine. Website for IAS UPSC your One-Stop Solution for all round UPSC Civil Service Preparations. Ranthambhor, and Kalinjar in Din-i Ilahi with the concept of Akbar being a spiritual guide of Rajputs. 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