See more Germanium products. ... Germanium falls in the same group as carbon and silicon, but also as tin and lead. In pure form, the element is a grayish-white metalloid. Geometry of germanium: 3 coordinate: pyramidal Prototypical structure: Element analysis. Germanium is a solid at twenty degrees. i.e. Ge is a metalloid having a crystal structure similar to that of the diamond. The number of electrons in each of germanium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 4 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d 10 4s 2 4p 2 . The element is mostly distributed in nature, but it’s too reactive to occur free. Solid state structure. Germanium (Ge), a chemical element between silicon and tin in Group 14 (IVa) of the periodic table, a silvery-gray metalloid, intermediate in properties between the metals and the nonmetals.Although germanium was not discovered until 1886 by Clemens Winkler, a German chemist, its existence, properties, and position in the periodic system had been predicted in 1871 by the Russian … Decomposition occurs above 1000 °C. Notable characteristics . Germanium, a chemical element places between silicon and tin in Group 14 of the periodic table. Guidechem provides Germanium magnesiumfluoride oxide, manganese-doped chemical database query, including CAS registy number 68784-13-4, Germanium magnesiumfluoride oxide, manganese-doped MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet), nature, English name, manufacturer, function/use, molecular weight, density, boiling point, melting point, structural formula, etc. Boiling point The temperature at which the liquid–gas phase change occurs. It is crystalline and brittle and retains its luster in air. [Note: Shipped as a compressed gas.] Tétrachlorure de ge rmanium(4+) [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name] Germane, tetrachlor o-[ACD/Index Name] Germanium chloride. Atomic Mass 72,61 Learn more about the atomic mass. n. ... as an alloying agent and catalyst, and in certain optical glasses. It is a gray-white metalloid. It is a good semiconductor when combined with tiny amounts of … Germanium tetrachloride is then hydrolyzed and dried, producing germanium dioxide (GeO2). germanium synonyms, germanium pronunciation, germanium translation, English dictionary definition of germanium. It reacts with water to form hydrofluoric acid and germanium dioxide. From DeltaH^o-TDeltaS^o = 0 => Equilibrium Conditions => DeltaH^o = TDeltaS^o => T = (DeltaH^o"/"DeltaS^o") DeltaH^o = sumn*DeltaH^o(Products) - sumn*DeltaH^o(Reactants) DeltaS^o = sumn*S^o(Products) - sumn*"S^o(Reactants) Example: … Germanium definition, a scarce, metallic, grayish-white element, normally tetravalent, used chiefly in transistors. It has a melting point of 937.4°C (1,719°F) and a boiling point of 2,830°C (5,130°F). Germane, Germanium hydride, Germanomethane, Monogermane [Note: Used chiefly for the production of high purity germanium for use in semiconductors.] It is less abundant than either tin or lead. Germanium and … Formula: GeI 4 Hill system formula: Ge 1 I 4 CAS registry number: [13450-95-8] Formula weight: 580.228 Class: iodide Colour: red-orange Appearance: solid Melting point: 144°C Boiling point… The melting point of Ge is around 937 o C, and the boiling point is 2830 o C. We can find Germanium naturally in the earth crust. * Boiling Point Notes: 1. It is hard, brittle and has a grey-white colour. Germanium can be powdered chlorine or bromine in the combustion. Germanium also has the unusual property that (like water) it expands as it freezes. Germanium and the oxide are transparent to infrared radiation. A hard, grey-white, lustrous and brittle metalloid acts in properties between metals and nonmetals. Characteristics: Germanium is a lustrous, hard, gray-white semi-metallic element with a crystalline and brittle structure. A shiny silver-white metal, crisp, with germanium crystal diamond structure, density 5.35g/cm 3, 937.4 ° C melting point, boiling point of 2830 ° C At room temperature in air more stable under high temperature oxidation can be. Ge nanoparticles with sizes from 1 to 15 nm were synthesized by thermal decomposition of the germane precursors trichlorogermane, tetraethylgermane, and tetrabutylgermane. It is a poor conductor of electricity but has exceptional properties as a semiconductor material and it is in this area where germanium is primarily used. DeltaH^o - TDeltaS^o = 0 at Equilibrium (i.e., boiling point) and 'T' is the Thermodynamic Boiling Point for the phase transition. Sublimation The transition of a substance directly from the solid to the gas phase without passing through a liquid phase. Under normal atmospheric conditions, carbon does not melt and then boil when its temperature is raised, it sublimes. 2. Properties: Germanium has a melting point of 937.4 C, boiling point of 2830 C, specific gravity of 5.323 (25 C), with valences of 2 and 4. Colorless gas with a pungent odor. It has a bright, shiny, silvery color. The boiling point is 2830.0 °C. Boiling Point: 3103K 2830 ... Germanium - Ge (EnvironmentalChemistry.com)- Comprehensive information for the element Germanium - Ge is provided by this page including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides … Germanium(IV) iodide GeI4 structure Molecular Formula GeI4 Average mass 580.258 Da Density Boiling Point Flash Point Molar Refractivity Polarizability Surface Tension Molar Volume Predicted In thermodynamics, the term saturation defines a condition in which a mixture of vapor and liquid can exist together at a given temperature and pressure. It is … Germanium tetrafluoride is a noncombustible, strongly fuming gas with a garlic-like odor. Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™. Germanium powder is cast into bars at temperatures over 1720.85 °F (938.25 °C). Reaction of GeF 4 with fluoride sources produces GeF 5 − anions with octahedral coordination around Ge atom due to polymerization. Atomic number 32; atomic weight 72.64; melting point 938.3°C; boiling point 2,833°C; specific gravity 5.323 (at 25°C); valence 2, 4. Experiments were performed in the organic solvents trioctylamine, squalene, and octacosane, which have boiling points in the temperature range from 380 to 429 °C. Define germanium. Common Uses The oxide is then reduced with hydrogen to form germanium metal powder. Germanium is a hard, grayish-white element that has a metallic luster and the same crystal structure as diamond.In addition, it is important to note that germanium is a semiconductor, with electrical properties between those of a metal and an insulator.In its pure state, this metalloid is crystalline, brittle and retains its lustre in air at room temperature. Melting Point: 1211.4 K Boiling Point: 3093 K Density[kg/m3]: 5323 Molar Volume: 13.63 × 10-6 m3/mol Oxidation State: 4 Protons/Electrons: 32 Crystal Structure: Cubic Face Centered. Chemically similar to tin, germanium is an important semiconductor material. Find Boiling point of Germanium (Ge) or Find boiling point of different substance like boiling point of water, hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, sodium, aluminum, iron, zinc, helium, silver, gold, mercury, lead, iodine, platinum and many more Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC): Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) = 1.12 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42): Boiling Pt (deg C): 482.98 (Adapted Stein & Brown method) Melting Pt (deg C): 188.60 (Mean or Weighted MP) VP(mm Hg,25 deg C): 4.24E-009 (Modified Grain … But it ’ s too reactive to occur free or lead germanium boiling point hard, grey-white, lustrous brittle. When its temperature is raised, it sublimes bromine in the combustion that ( water. In certain optical glasses nitric acid ] germane, tetrachlor o- [ ACD/Index ]. And a boiling point 2830°C atomic Number 32 Learn more about the atomic Number acids, with the of... 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