Why should you purchase a Bronze barrel from Steen Cannons? Among one of these avid supporters was James Woodruff. The Woodruff, with its short range, non-rifled small bore, does not fit into this system. Resulting from this meeting Abraham Lincoln wrote Lieutenant General Winfield Scott the following letter (scribbled across the document of refusal from General Ripley): Field Carriage, Golf Ball Bore Cannon. Established in 2007, our company provides a wide assortment of military replicas that are well suited for Civil and Revolutionary War Reenactments and period related educational programs of that era, providing an authentic feel of historical events for both participants and observers during a display of living history. A.G./ESSEN, then mor They take 700 grains of black powder Note: All cannons include a ram rod/swab and a powder measure. Restored and deactivated, in very good condition. Our Price: $20.00 Compare. The solid 3" square axle was center-cut, shortened, and re-welded at the correct length and camber for a Mountain Howitzer carriage. VOL. Three, the Woodruff gun had a "claimed" range of two thousand two hundred yards with solid shot. About the engagement Captain Barstow said: "If I had known at the outset that they had artillery of that size I should have abandoned the post when I returned from driving in their advance. 1884 All-Metal Gatling Gun Field Carriage. Alexander Brown, Grierson's Raid, (Urbana, Illinios: 1954), 56. British Traveling split trail for the 6-pounder field gun used in the American Revolutionary War and War of 1812. Marked on the breech with Siamese Government proofs and FRIED. In the case of the field artillery in 1861, technology developed to include rifled long range, large caliber guns, light enough for field service. Because of this, and its ease of disassembly, it did not require roads for transportation making it well suited to Indian fighting and mountain warfare. Field Carriage, Golf Ball Bore Cannon. During the American Civil War (1861-1865), there were several prominent artillery pieces in play and one of these was the Model 1841 12-pounder mountain gun howitzer. 3 Pounder Trunion details. This is yet another area were the Woodruff fell far short of the performance standards set by the Prairie and Mountain M1841 Howitzer. "18 Herder later wrote ". RARE!! It would appear that possibilities concerning these unissued weapons, the availability of the Woodruff guns and the existence of an unarmed volunteer unit in Shawneetown was how Woodruff based his proposal to Lincoln. The official Congressional Records read: Most, but not all, mountain howitzers are also pack howitzers. Its only claim to fame was that it was pressed into service with several noteworthy units and had been indirectly placed in these units by order of President Lincoln. Field Carriage, Golf Ball Bore Cannon. They are accurately sighted, and at repeated trials have proved themselves effective with round The only real consideration boiled down to, a volunteer unit enthusiastic about getting into the conflict had to be armed with something or not get a chance to fight. Smooth Roller bearing movement. Action was immediately taken by Ripley to incorporate the Woodruff into the Federal Army. The M1875 Hotchkiss mountain gun was used by the United States Army from 1875 to about 1905. Barrels available in Bronze, Steel, Cast Iron, and Cast Iron with steel liner. The carriage is a reproduction of course, and is also excellent. Howitzer Carriage Hardware (First Model Prairie), Mt. Even without artillery support, determined infantry should have been able to over-run Woodruff gun batteries. 13, 356. 8Robert V. Bruce Lincoln and the Tools of War (New York: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc. 1956), 125. Average weight bearing for 2 wheels with a 1 1/8” axle is 900 lbs. Mountain Howitzer Pack Carriage Harness, Shaft and Packs, 1849 - 1890 Manual. Field Gun ; Prairie Gun; Limbers. 3 pounder nearly completed. Established in 2007, our company provides a wide assortment of military replicas that are well suited for Civil and Revolutionary War Reenactments and period related educational programs of that era, providing an authentic feel of historical events for both participants and observers during a display of living history. . Springfield, (1901): 255, quoted in Ken Baumann, Arming the Suckers 1861-1865 (Milan, Michigan: Morningside, 1989), 56. Carriage For Tredegar C.S.A. 67 $32.95 All the Mountain Howitzers used the same bronze tube, but it took some experimentation to get the carriage . Mountain Rifle / Second Model Prairie Carriage for Mt. This carriage primarily uses the 12 Pdr Mountain Howitzer barrel, but this combination does look good! 5.5 Inch Howitzer on a feidl carriage. Company C, under his command, was pinned down near Clark's Mill, Missouri. Barrels aren't expensive compared to once you start looking for someone else to build a correct carriage, wheels and woodwork don't come cheap. The Mountain Howitzer used a special light weight carriage, which could be taken apart and packed, gun and all, on three mules. However, if this is the case no real improvement has been noted. Continental, carriage and accessories $ 760.00 6: 1/4 scale Mountain Howitzer polished brass Brass howitzer is offered on an as available basis only N/A 7: R- 2-1/2 SS (1/4 sc. 3 Pounder breech details. ball at 1-1/4 miles, and with canister their most effective range is about 700 yards... Never use smokeless powder! "12 Despite this statement, it is also pointed out that "If, instead of halting for noon feeding, the Second Alabama cavalrymen had galloped forward to Palo Alto with their three pieces of artillery to reinforce Barteau's men, Colonel Edward Hatch's predicament would have been grave indeed. Research Packet with Illustrations and Photographs. More Buying Choices $16.50 (21 new offers) Ages: 16 - 16 years. Quickview. U.S. Model 1841 Bronze Field Howitzer Cannon with Complete Carriage 10 1/2 Inch Bronze Tube Description: SALE PENDING A fine antique superbly crafted model cannon styled after the U.S. Model 1841 Field Howitzer. . . . More Buying Choices $16.50 (21 new offers) Ages: 16 - 16 years. Smooth Roller bearing movement. Of course, this was the sentiment in quite a few militia and volunteer units, but few such units had the patronage of someone so high in government. Artillery from the United States – Special Order Cannons, Ft. Pintle Barbette Carriage Specifications. 50 Caliber Black Powder Mountain Howitzer Cannon Barrel for signal salute. The carriage weighed 157 pounds and each wheel was 65 pounds, making the total weight of the mountain howitzer 507 pounds. £12,000 04 December '20. It is invariably provided with a wheeled carriage of some sort. 6John R. Margrieter, "The Woodruff Gun," Civil War Times Illustrated, May 1973, p. 34. The little mountain howitzer was extremely mobile and could easily be ". 34, PT. There is little mention of the Woodruffs in the actual fighting. Because of this, and its ease of disassembly, it did not require roads for transportation making it well suited to Indian fighting and mountain warfare. . I've included it here as an example of the No 1 Field Carriage. Our ductile iron 4-truck carriage for the 32-pounder naval cannon is a faithful reproduction of the original wood 4-truck carriage. Strong hardwood construction that will last for decades. One being the pack carriage, which could be broken down and hauled on horses or mules over rough terrain. The workhorse of the field artillery for the U.S. Army in WWII. The Woodruff skirmish gun might be most easily compared to the Model 1841 Mountain Howitzer. Machined from the finest quality extruded brass rod. This mini cannon is reminiscent of the larger version used during various wars but notably the Civil War. "14 It was dismantled and lashed to the back of a mule. We have some scaled reproduction style cannons for re-enactment or your own personal use. In addition to the pack carriage, a prairie carriage was also created for traditional draft pulling using only two horses. They range in price from about $800 for the Cast Iron 11 On 21, April 1863, Colonel Hatch's 2nd Iowa moved a two-pounder into position within a hedged lane near Palo Alto. . However, it is important to note that the Woodruff is a gun, not a howitzer, and for this reason fired a more flat trajectory. They are manufactured from the best charcoal scrap iron, faggotted, brought to a welding heat, and forged, and thoroughly compacted under a heavy trip hammer, then turned, bored, and polished. It was the first war where the need for industrial technology was at least as great as the need for troops. Field Limber; Prairie Limber; Chests. November 15, 1861 On 20 April, 1863 Major Hiram Love, of the 2nd Iowa, placed Captain Jason B. Smith in charge of one of the two-pounder Woodruffs. "22 In fact, the most practical purpose the Woodruff seems to have been put to, while in the 4th Iowa Cavalry, was to serve as a cart for bringing in dead bodies.23 Only 1 left in stock - order soon. carried up steep ascents, and to the tops of flat-roofed houses, in street-fighting. carried up steep ascents, and to the tops of flat-roofed houses, in street-fighting. 22Ibid. An abbreviated look at the process of building a carriage for a freind's cannon barrel. Jymm with Light 3 pounder. Mountain Howitzer on Second Model Prairie Carriage-Cannon Plans at Hansen Wheel and Wagon. . This is probably due to the fort being equipped with four thirty-two-Pounders and two twenty-four-Pounders, no doubt these large pieces did the real fighting. 3, 166. 4Ibid., 370. Get the latest information about new products, special deals, news, top-rated items, promotions and more! "19 This, along with the recent excavation of Fort Davis and Thomas Dicky's Artilleryman article about its findings, provide, clear Welcome To USA MADE CANNONS. For battlefield armies of the 19th Century, howitzers attempted to fill the gap between line-of-sight field guns and indirect-fire mortars. The mountain howitzer was designed to be lightweight and highly portable. This little brute could shoot the same ammunition as the 12-pounder field howitzer and the 12-pounder Napoleon (except for solid shot)…. Why should you purchase a Metal Carriage from Steen Cannons? 18Ibid., 165. "17 On 28 September 1864, the report of Major W. W. Dunlap (Army of Missouri, CSA) list six of Lieutenant Colonel Herder's former Woodruffs as captured at Pilot Knob. Quickview. 22, April 1863 on the road to Louisville "One of the gun carriages collapsed. Only 1 left in stock - order soon. 5.5″ Howitzer on a sled. 21William Forse Scott The Story of a Cavalry Regiment, the Career of the Fourth Iowa Veteran Volunteers (New York: The Knickerbocker Press, 1893), 62. It is doubtful if the Woodruff would have any real affect on advancing infantry or cavalry except when firing canister. Howitzer, Bed Mount for U.S. 24-pounder Coehorn Mortar and British 4.5-inch Coehorn Mortar, circa 1776″, WE make various mortar beds for various types of mortars in the Coehorn style, ADD 5% for No. In fact, no records have been unearthed indicating the 6th Illinois actually received any of the Woodruffs. The little Woodruff two-Pounder was his brain-child. Don't Miss Out on News from Dixie Gun Works! "7 After this failure James Woodruff once again approached the President, accompanied by Governor John Wood, the ex-governor of Illinois. Rosette on 8″ Howitzer. It is light weight and highly portable. Even in the Western territories, where lesser amounts of modern weapons were available, there was virtually no place for the Woodruff. fought with larger weapons, such as the 12 Pounder M1841 Field Howitzer (range 1072 yards) and the ten-Pounder Parrott, (range for 2.9 inch Parrott, 3200 yards or 4400 with the 3.67 inch shell).4 However, small guns still had their die-hard supporters. Its shell was approximately eight pounds heavier than the Woodruff's. A high quality pair of Mountain Howitzer or Gatling gun wheels with a custom length axle included. The Lovett Collection is looking for any photographs that show the correct carriage for the Woodruff Gun. In fact, his only real military affiliation was as provost marshal for the Quincy, Illinois Congressional District. 16Adjutant-General's Report-Illinois volume 8. Carriages & Cannon We hand manufacture high quality civil war gun carriage and wheels. Also on 5 May 1863 Grierson, Colonel Edward Prince, Major Mathew Starr, Lieutenant Samuel Woodward and two privates went aboard a steam ship in Baton Rouge to have the Woodruffs repaired in New Orleans.15 This trouble was probably due to Woodruff not using a proven carriage type for his invention. 3Warren Ripley,Artillery and Ammunition of the Civil War (New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1970), 367. He reports *Carriage not included* $ 1,329.00 Why should you purchase a Cast Iron barrel from Steen Cannons? One, the Ordnance Department did not need to deal with the complication of production and issue of yet another type of odd ammunition. Custom made artillery reproduction cannon carriages for FIRING barrels sold of the American Civil War. $32,995.00 VIEW DETAILS. 12Ibid., 68. Buy 12 Pdr. In stock and ready to … We Have many selections to choose from. This very rare Woodruff Gun was likely in service with 4th Iowa Volunteer Cavalry, which ended the Civil War era in Macon, Georgia. It was cast by Greenleaf Foundry in Illinois in 1861. The small twelve-pounder M1841 Mountain Howitzer served quite well in the pre-Civil War period of expansion into the West, warfare with nomadic Indians and the Mexican Army. MC0445 MTN HOWITZER CANNON KIT MINATU. . Tamiya 35312 1/35 US Howitzer Motor Carriage M8 Plastic Model Kit. . The mountain howitzer was designed to be lightweight and highly portable. 15Ibid., 227-228. This is the standard field carriage for the 1883 Gatling gun. Despite this, the logistical information given by Herder is interesting. they will fire golf balls, soda cans and baseballs. Complete with 1/2″ dia. This was the niche for the rifled gun. In early November Lincoln wrote: Mountain Howitzer Cannon by Brooks . Atlantis 1/48 Scale 8 Inch Howitzer … The M1841 Mountain Howitzer was a mountain gun used by the United States Army during the mid-Nineteenth Century, from 1837 to about 1870.. SS on double trail carriage) N/A: F-3 PAR (1/3 scale 10# Parrott on 6# carriage) N/A: F-3 HOW (1/2 scale Mt. BK3061 3.67 in. Howitzer cannon barrel makers through the U.S. just right. KRUPP. Also, their projectile weights differed greatly, with the mountain howitzer having a ten-pound advantage. Artillery Reproductions of Cannons and Cannon Carriages of the American Civil War and Revolutionary War items for sale. This was exactly half the range of the Parrott, one of the most common guns on the Civil War battlefield. Description: PRICE HAS BEEN REDUCED AGAIN 3/27/17 - ORIGINAL LISTING WAS $11,500 - NOTE: THIS BARREL AND ASSOCIATED CARRIAGE ARE BEING OFFERED FOR SALE ON SEVERAL OTHER SITES AS WELL AS THE INTERNET - DON'T WAIT IF YOU ARE INTERESTED - This is a Custom made Full Size Civil War Bronze 12 pound Mountain Howitzer Cannon barrel - weighs 225 pounds cast from Gun Metal … However, as in every case of successful use of the Woodruff, there was no artillery to counter the Woodruffs. Their length is 3 feet, the bore is 2-1/8 inches, which just allows the chambering of seven lead ounce balls in the canister, the canister which have been generally used with them have contained 42 lead ounce balls. This mini cannon is reminiscent of the larger version used during various wars but notably the Civil War. $27.20 $ 27. 1J.B. It saw service during the Mexican–American War, the American Indian Wars, and during the American Civil War (primarily in the more rugged western theaters.). It is light weight and highly portable. 17O.R. 2 Carriage Wheels Aluminum Wheels $2,200 each, Limber Ammo Box W./Copper Top (Cherry, Walnut, Oak, & Poplar Wood). Ready for your carriage. Quickview. 5James Woodruff, Quincy, Illinois, to Brigader General James W. Ripley, Washington D.C., 6 October 1861, The National Archives and Records Services Administration, Washington. . Barrel only. U.S. Model 1841 Bronze Field Howitzer Cannon with Complete Carriage 10 1/2 Inch Bronze Tube Description: SALE PENDING A fine antique superbly crafted model cannon styled after the U.S. Model 1841 Field Howitzer. The Woodruff is left with no logical place on the Civil War battlefield; the only exception being, on the rare occasion when there was no enemy artillery to counter them. Compact but very powerful and accurate, it is a great addition to your collection of Coaches Club Cannons. Own and build your own piece of history. 3 Pounder Trunion details. them. But he did have important connections in government. This mini cannon is reminiscent of of the larger version used during various wars but notably the Civil War. A field howitzer is a howitzer that is mobile enough to accompany a field army on campaign. Rosette on 8″ Howitzer. Howitzer … 7Ibid. Six Pounder(6-lb) will mount on this naval/ships carriage and an early 1800's bronze british 12 pounder from Napal on my beefy naval carriage and a 1st model 1/2 scale Prairie carriage for a Mountain Howitzer, and a 24 pounder brass Brooks USA barrel on my garrison carriage to name a few. Buy 12 Pdr. Custom made artillery reproduction cannon carriages for FIRING barrels sold of the American Civil War. 11D. Artillery Reproductions of Cannons and Cannon Carriages of the American Civil War and Revolutionary War items for sale. A downside to the mountain howitzer compared to other artillery was the limited range of the smaller weapon. Never use smokeless powder! In addition to the pack carriage, a prairie carriage was also created for traditional draft pulling using only two horses. General Ripley flatly rejected the Woodruff gun, seeing no realistic place for it within the Federal arsenal. He had no prior experience in designing or manufacturing of weapons. A siege howitzer is a howitzer that is designed to be fired from a mounting on a fixed platform of some sort. . "1 After all, its tube weight was only two-hundred twenty pounds.2 It performed extremely well against Indians from Florida to Kansas. Mountain Rifle / Second Model Prairie Carriage for Mt. The real reason for the acceptance of the Woodruff into Federal service was politically motivated. During the American Civil War (1861-1865), there were several prominent artillery pieces in play and one of these was the Model 1841 12-pounder mountain gun howitzer. Here's an example of 1st Model Prairie Carriage with a bronze Confederate Mountain Rifle barrel on it that was built by one of my customers. The Civil War marked a real turning point in American History. Trunnion diameter is 4.62 inches. 5.5 Inch Howitzer on a feidl carriage. . . However, records do exist that place the Woodruffs with 10th Illinois Cavalry, 2nd Iowa Cavalry, 4th Iowa Cavalry and 1st Illinois Light Artillery Battery K. The first documented mention of the Woodruff gun in combat is from the November 10, 1862 report of Captain Hiram E. Barstow, 10th Illinois Cavalry. We offer this carriage in wood or cast aluminum. Here after cited as O.R. The mountain howitzer came on a variety of field carriages throughout the war. 40th Cong., 2nd Sess., Congressional Record., 1867-1868. On receiving this letter General Scott reacted just as Ripley had, with a quick rejection saying "I concur fully with Brigadier General Ripley in the opinion he has expressed within this subject. Ordnance Office Washington If you can do the wood you are way ahead in the game. The Mountain Howitzer was a light, smooth bore cannon designed to shoot a heavy projectile with a light powder charge, contained in a sub-caliber chamber at the bottom of the bore. . Also, their projectile weights differed greatly, with the mountain howitzer having a ten-pound advantage. A high quality pair of Mountain Howitzer or Gatling gun wheels with a custom length axle included. All images, research, and text are sole property of Ralph Lovett. on 15 April 1864, that ". Jymm with 8 inch Howitzer. Company C, under his command, was pinned down near Clark's Mill, Missouri. The howitzer also serves the 173rd Airborne Brigade and National Guard field artillery battalions. It would have made far more sense for the Federal Government to have used the funds for the Woodruff and its ammunition instead for modern rifled guns or even the M1841 Mountain Howitzer. Their lesser range often prohibited their use as counter-battery weapons. The M119 is presently used by all regular Army infantry brigades in the 10th Mountain, 25th Infantry, 82nd Airborne and 101st Airborne Divisions. . Carriage For Tredegar C.S.A. The Woodruff gun, despite an occasional successful engagement, was a completely obsolete piece of equipment. The carriages were constructed by Battle and Boyd, of Quincy, Illinois. Auction: 16801494 50mm 1902 Krupp Siamese Mountain Howitzer as made for Siam. PA residents will be charged 6% Sales Tax at checkout. 8 inch Howitzer in battery. may have underestimated the frightening effects of the two-pounder cannon. Our Metal carriages are the number one choice for those who need a carriage to be on display outside 365 days a year in all types of weather conditions. 2Ibid. and make the arrangements for arms which they desire if you possibly can. PA residents will be charged 6% Sales Tax at checkout. In both examples of its use the mountain howitzer had no real competition on the field, as neither the Indians nor Mexican Army possessed any real artillery threat. (The Woodruff is a smooth-bore.) In Scott's The Story of a Cavalry Regiment, The Career of the Fourth Iowa Veteran Volunteers the Woodruffs are described, in March 1863, as being "small iron pieces, throwing a two-pound solid shot.."21 and that "they were of no value and were generally voted a nuisance. Dahlgren Boat Howitzer Field Carriage (Ductile Iron), This carriage is for Dahlgren Lt. Boat Howitzer (Iron Field Carriage), This carriage is for Dahlgren Heavy Boat Howitzer (Iron Field Carriage). As a cannon maker of replica black powder custom wood cannons and cannon carriages such as navel, ships, garrison, or split trail carriages are created for firing or ornamental non firing field guns for sale. In reference to this piece it is stated in Grierson's Raid that Barteau (the Confederate Action was immediately taken by Ripley to incorporate the Woodruff into the Federal Army. The bronze mountain howitzer, originally classified for mountain service, was in fact a light fieldpiece of great mobility for use in all kinds of rough terrain. British 105mm L5 Pack Howitzer . This No 1 Field Carriage was built by one of my customers using several of my irons. 12-pounder Mountain Howitzer, Model of 1835. Original British RML 2.5 inch Jointed Mountain Cannon- The Screw Gun. On 1 May 1863, Colonel Prince placed two of Captain Smith's Woodruffs in support of A and D Companies, in the immediate area of Wall's Bridge. 7 1/2″, breech is a full 1 1/2″ diameter. This No 1 Field Carriage was built by one of my customers using several of my irons. This carriage primarily uses the 12 Pdr Mountain Howitzer barrel, but this combination does look good! Two of the most qualified men in Federal service, General Scott and General Ripley, went on record as being completely against its incorporation into Federal service. $10.00 shipping. This carriage is used for the 24-pounder field howitzer and the 12-pounder model 1857 Napoleon along with numerous other cannons tubes with trunnions of 4.2 inch diameter. They are black powder cannons and mortars which are fully functioning, i.e. Mountain Howitzer Style barrel. 22″ Barrel; 20″ Wheels; 32″ Trail; 60-62 lbs. A Hotchkiss design from the French Arms Firm, Hotchkiss & Company founded by Benjamin B. Hotchkiss, (1826–1885), It served with cavalry units during the late American Indian Wars, including the 1890 Wounded Knee Massacre, and was also used … 23Ibid. "Please see Gov. ; unless otherwise indicated, all references are to series 1. . The 1841 Mountain Howitzer is a type of bronze smoothbore 12 pounder, optimized for … BK3051 12 pdr. His scheme to have Greenleaf Foundry cast two-pounder guns for supporting cavalry was quite impractical. The little mountain howitzer was extremely mobile and could easily be ". I think this would either be a 1/4 or 1/6 scale. Ammunition Wagon at Ft. Ligonier. BARREL CARRIAGE CHEEKS TOOLS LOADING ENGRAVING. It seems possible that the St. Louis Arsenal, where presumably these cartridges originated, was trying to improve the hitting power of the Woodruff. 12-Pounder Mountain Howitzer on First Model Prairie Carriage-Cannon Plans 12-Pounder Mountain Howitzer on First Model Prairie Carriage Research Packet- 1849-1865 - No. 65973 03/25/17 . I've included it here as an example of the No 1 Field Carriage. It was with a bit of arrogance that Woodruff wrote directly to Brigadier General James W. Ripley, on 6 October 1861:5 It is a great looking cannon; a great performing cannon. Mountain Rifle / Second Model Prairie Carriage for Mt. Only 35 (possibly 40) Woodruffs were produced total and apparently as few a 5 Woodruffs exist today, The Woodruff skirmish gun might be most easily compared to the Model 1841 Mountain Howitzer. This carriage is used for the 12-pounder Mountain Howitzer. 3 pounder nearly completed. . They were never known to hit anything, and never served any useful purpose, except in promoting cheerfulness in the regiment. The 1841 Mountain Howitzer is a type of bronze smooth-bore 12 pounder optimized for firing explosive shells as well as spherical case and canister. $27.20 $ 27. . The carriage has plaques marked "The/John Wilmer" and "Special Thanks To/Mike and Kirsten." It also saw the continued use of 1840's style howitzers that served well against infantry. 20Thomas S. Dickey, "Evidence Shows that Woodruff Gun Used a Conical Projectile," Muzzleloading Artilleryman, Spring 1985, 27. This is a beautiful near perfect replica of the famous civil war mountain howitzer in our deluxe civil war wheeled carriage. Because of its light weight, it was much handier than other cannons of similar caliber. Following the rejection of the Two-Pounder, James Woodruff began calling on the help of his political contacts. If you don't find the carriage your looking for below, call (610) 486-0567 to receive details and pricing on your project. 20 $34.00 $34.00. "10 This comment implied that Captain Barstow was well aware of how ineffective his little two-Pounder Woodruff was against even comparatively small six-pounders that were employed by the Confederate cavalry. Carriage For Tredegar C.S.A. Contract With James Woodruff the two battalions were at Pilot Knob. Six Pounder(6-lb) will mount on this naval/ships carriage and an early 1800's bronze british 12 pounder from Napal on my beefy naval carriage and a 1st model 1/2 scale Prairie carriage for a Mountain Howitzer, and a 24 pounder brass Brooks USA barrel on my garrison carriage to name a few. Each gun is thoroughly proved before it leaves the factory.